Zentrum für Umwelt und Kultur (ZUK)
Benediktbeuern is a municipality in the district of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen in Bavaria, Germany. The village has about 3,620 residents as of 31 December 2015.
Benediktbeuern has a famous monastery, formerly belonging to the Benedictine Order, called Benediktbeuern Abbey, which was founded in about 739. Its name is well known because of the Carmina Burana manuscript found there in 1803 and subsequently set to music by Carl Orff (Carmina Burana can be translated as "Songs of Beuern"). Since 1930 the Salesians of Don Bosco have lived in this monastery.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe visited Benediktbeuern during his third journey to Italy in 1786. In 1814, Joseph von Fraunhofer invented in Benediktbeuern the spectroscope. In the course of his experiments, he discovered a bright fixed line which appears in the orange color of the spectrum when it is produced by the light of fire. This line enabled him afterward to determine the absolute power of refraction in different substances. Experiments to ascertain whether the solar spectrum contained the same bright line in orange as the line produced by the orange of fire light led him to the discovery of 574 dark fixed lines in the solar spectrum. Today, millions of such fixed absorption lines are now known.
Benediktbeuern has kept the structure of a traditional village near the Alps. The village can be used as a base for day trips to many places of interest, and it has become a tourist resort. Important road connections are the motorway from Munich to Garmisch-Partenkirchen and a local train running to Munich in about 65 min.